Baku is known for its ancient culture that combines with modern features. It is an old city that is the capital of Azerbaijan, where you can find an enormous number of beautiful places in the world. The most exciting attractions, primarily historical places of Azerbaijan, attracts many tourists every year. If you still don’t know about this country and want to get detailed information about historical places of Azerbaijan, then follow this guide and learn the real beauty of this country with the help of its sightings. The center and focus point of Baku is Flame Towers. They are more attractive in the evening when it is sundown. It is because of the lights that make them seem from anywhere in the town. Besides, Iceri Shahar is another place that is considered the monument of medieval times. If you love to see the exhibition of architecture with Islamic style, which is among the historical sites of Azerbaijan, it is the right place to go and impress by it. Azerbaijan is the place where you can see historic towns; they are lovely and combine with the modern high skyscrapers.
The Maiden Tower
One of the first historical places of Azerbaijan is the Maiden Tower. Many countries know this place as the symbol of our country. If you have a chance to go to the Iceri Sheher, you can easily see the Maiden Tower from that place. It seems dark and impressive, especially from Iceri Sheher. This mystery architect locates in Baku, the Absheron peninsula, near the Boulevard. It is still uncertain why the Maiden Tower was built, its purpose of construction even the name of it. There is no written source of this information. This enigmatic monument looks to the sea from the walls of ancient Iceri Sheher.
The height of the Maiden Tower is 28m. The diameter and wall thickness from the ground floor is 16.5m and 5 meters respectively. Besides, the inside of the monument divides into eight parts. Since 1964 this monument began to operate as a museum. The mystery of this Maiden Tower made it considered as the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Sara Ashurbayli, who is a historian, has done some measures about the Maiden Tower and realized that it probably had been built between 4-6 centuries AD. She could do it with the help of the difference of stones used for the Maiden Tower and other monuments surrounding this place. The construction of one of these historical places in Baku is considered unusual.
The Shirvanshah Palace is the other attraction that will grab tourist attention as the other historical places of Azerbaijan. This place was built in the 15th century by the kingdom of Shirvanshah. As can be seen from the name of the Palace, it is relating to the Shirvan territory, which was the principal place and the capital of the kingdom at those periods. After the earthquakes, the capital city moved from Shamakha to Baku.
This Palace officially changed into the museum in 1964. Since this date, the Shirvanshah palace as well as the Maiden Tower are included to the UNESCO Heritage list and protected by the government. This place is unusual for the people who visit Baku, especially for its location. It is situated in the Iceri Sheher. The behind of this Palace is an old fortress. This ancient monument was built in the period when Baku became capital. Therefore due to the construction of the statues by the same kingdom in the 12th century, they almost look alike. The inner city building, as well as walls, are beautiful, attractive, and similar. These buildings show us the new art style from Islamic civilization. Also, the walls were for the protection purpose from the enemies at that period. They were defending the city against attackers to the Shirvanshah kingdom. The Palace is not in complex construction. Besides, some of the new buildings were added and made a magnificent monument. Because of these exciting features of the Shirvanshah should be a must see place for incoming visitors.
Everyone knows Ateshgah. It is the temple of fire that is located 30 km away from Baku. The place was built in Surakhani district of Azerbaijan and construction relates to the ancient period, 1713 AD. As a complex, this place consists of the temple as well as rooms and pilgrims. This monument built with the plan of Indians. But the constructors were the local craftsmen. The structure of the monument reminds the city Karvansaray. This place well known due to the phenomenon burns like natural gas all parts of the world. For all the historical places of Azerbaijan, if we look at history, it is much more considerable than we think. It says that the area was the basis of Zoroastrians as the holy territory.
Gobustan is in Garadagh district and is 56km away from Baku. It is considered one of the most attractive and wealthy architects of Azerbaijan. Gobustan is rock depictions. If you want to witness the ancient periods with the help of drawings on rocks, camps, graves visit Gobustan, the mountains of Gobustan especially Boyukdash, can show the periods from the Mesolite to Middle Ages. These rock art engravings are the evidence for flora and fauna of those prehistoric periods. The carvings on the rocks describe the hunting and fishing activities that people were dealing those times. In those periods, the climate and vegetation were much more different than modern days. It was warmer and wetter in the past.
It is the oldest cave for inhabitants in Azerbaijan. It is considered the most ancient place for people. The situation of it is in Fizuli town which is in Garabagh region. In 1960, archaeologist Mammadali Huseynov discovered this place with the help of the expedition and began to analyze. After unveiling processes, Mammadali Huseynov realized that Azkyh cave is the first most ancient place for human beings. The people who lived here were called Azykhantrops. Finally, all long processes helped to get a positive result, and in 1968 the jaw bone of person was found in the cave. It belonged to the Neanderthal type of person. This examination showed that the history of bone comes from 350-400 thousand years ago. Therefore, Azkyh Cave is among the historical places of Azerbaijan where tourists should visit and see.
Gamigaya drawings are other historical places of Azerbaijan and known as rock drawings. With the help of these drawings, archeologists could get a chance to discover the grandfathers of Turks. These images are in the value of 5-6 thousand years ago. A lot of studies carried out for learning the reality of these drawings. The result of the examination was positive, which helped to analyze the life of people who live in these places; Gamigaya-Qaranqush meadows. All the analyses conducted since 1968.
This monument is located in 20-25 km near Shabran region. The top of this rock is called Janaqqaya. Scientists say that Chiraggala built for defending of the support from enemies and Sasanian kings constructed it.
These tourist places are all the historical places of Azerbaijan, and these must-see places should be added to the visit list of everyone who comes to Baku.